A colposcope is a microscope used to magnify the cervix and vagina 2-40 times. Colposcopy is the process of examining the cervix using a colposcope and special dyes.

Who needs colposcopy?

It is most commonly done for abnormal smears. A positive HPV test is also an important reason for colposcopy.

Indications are as follows; Abnormal screening tests, cases where the cervix is abnormal with the naked eye, persistent and unexplained discharge, bleeding after intercourse, menstrual bleeding before the expected time, history of genital cancer such as vulva and vaginal cancer, presence of warts in the sexual area, pre-cancerous lesions (CIN) on the cervix and cases suspected by the physician.

With colposcopy, the cervix is examined in detail. More attention should be paid to the areas shown by the applied dyes. After the procedure, tissue samples (biopsy) can be taken from the areas deemed necessary. The samples should be sent for pathological examination under appropriate conditions.

General anesthesia is not required for colposcopy. The cervix is an area with little pain sensation. The procedure can be performed quickly and painlessly with small biopsy instruments.